CBD stands for cannabidiol and THC stands for Δ-tetrahydrocannabidiol. Both are important ingredients in marijuana plants. Cannabinoids are a unique class of compounds and both CBD and THC belong in this class. When it comes to marijuana, THC-rich varieties are quite common, but varieties with a high CBD content are rare. The following are some of the main differences between CBD and THC.
What is CBD?
CBD is non-psychoactive, which means that taking CBD oil does not make the user high. Because of this property, CBD is more common in food and natural products.
Cannabis contains more than 113 cannabinoids and CBD is one of them. It interacts with the receptor cells and promotes the nervous system response in the human body. The human body has two types of cannabinoid receptors – CB-1 and CB-2. It is also a natural sedative.
What are the medical benefits of CBD?
Research studies show that CBD oil can be useful in the following diseases and symptoms:
- Pain (neuropathic, chronic, cancerous, etc.)
- Multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
- Broken bones
- Bacterial infections
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- drug withdrawal
- heart disease
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
What is THC?
THC is not only one of the 113 cannabinoids but it is also the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. THC is the best researched and generally best known compound in cannabis. It also binds to nerve cell receptors, but the response is quite different from that of drugs like morphine and heroin. The interaction of THC with the brain releases dopamine. The effect of THC lasts for about 2 hours. The effects set in within 10-30 minutes after ingestion.
In other words, THC is the ingredient of the cannabis plant that is responsible for the state of intoxication and “high” associated with cannabis use.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) works by mimicking the effects of anandamide and 2-AG. These neurotransmitters are naturally produced by the human body and help regulate sleeping and eating habits, pain perception and countless other bodily functions.
The effects of THC include:
- Altered visual, olfactory and auditory sensations
- Reduced aggression
What are the benefits of THC?
Studies suggest that THC may be useful in the following diseases and conditions:
- Side effects of chemotherapy
- Multiple Sclerosis
- HIV / AIDS
- Spinal injury
- Nausea and vomiting
- Chronic pain
The most psychoactive ingredient in marijuana is probably THC, whereas CBD is not psychoactive at all. THC is therefore intoxicating to the user, while CBD does not. Therefore, recreational consumers do not prefer CBD, but its non-psychoactive properties have made it a good candidate for medical research.
Side effects associated with anxiety and paranoia
Paranoia and anxiety are some of the side effects of using THC that many users have experienced. CBD, on the other hand, fared better in this area. A scientific paper examined the psychotomimetic effects of CBD and THC in 134 users and the results showed no association between CBD and paranoia and anxiety.
THC works like a psychosis. CBD, on the other hand, is not psychoactive and also helps counteract the psychoactive effects of THC. A research report showed that CBD properties had a user’s intoxication reduced by its antipsychotic ability. CBD is one of the active ingredients in various pharmaceutical drugs and medical studies.
More CBD instead of THC in supplements
THC is an illegal drug with significant immediate and long-term cognitive side effects.
This includes impaired thinking, reduced ability to plan and organize, changed decision-making processes and reduced control over impulses.
The chronic use of THC also correlates with significant abnormalities in the heart and brain.
CBD lacks the harmful cognitive side effects of THC.
Cannabis plants with low levels of CBD and high levels of THC result in a greater “smoke sensation”, while plants with more CBD and less THC produce a weaker, more relaxed effect.
With the increasing popularity of medicinal cannabis, breeders are currently developing varieties with a higher CBD-to-THC ratio to minimize psychoactive side effects.
Overall, the lower health risks of CBD combined with its effectiveness make it a better candidate for natural applications compared to THC.
The legal status of marijuana is pretty much black and white – in most countries it is illegal. In the UK, CBD is classified as a Schedule I drug and is therefore technically illegal. But CBD oil with 4% CBD and less than 0.3% THC is legal. Hemp containing CBD is legal and readily available in many countries, including the US and the UK. Therefore, CBD and THC derivatives are readily available for sale and sale around the world and without restrictions.
Recently, the benefits of CBD to THC have been abundantly explored, and this is the main reason why breeders breed CBD-rich cannabis plants. These plants have low THC levels. Natural CBD oil supplements are also quite popular with users.
CBD oil is particularly promising compared to THC as it has no intoxicating effect and potentially lower side effects potential than many other THC cannabis products.
People should discuss taking CBD oil with their doctor if they want to use it for the first time.
CBD oil is available online at some online stores. It can be bought over the counter and many products are available at Amazon.